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What is Psychology?

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It is an academic discipline of immense scope and diverse interests that, when taken together, seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena they manifest. As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.

Clinical psychology is an integration of science, theory and clinical knowledge for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and relieving psychologically-based distress or dysfunction and to promote subjective well-being and personal development. Central to its practice are psychological assessment, clinical formulation, and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration. In Canada, clinical psychology is a regulated mental health profession.

In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.

Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion(affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, and personality. This extends to interaction between people, such as interpersonal relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas. Psychologists of diverse orientations also consider the unconscious mind. They employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psycho-social variables. In addition, or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some, especially clinical and counseling psychologists, at times rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques. Psychology has been described as a “hub science” in that medicine tends to draw psychological research via neurology and psychiatry, whereas social sciences most commonly draws directly from sub-disciplines within psychology.

While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in several spheres of human activity. By many accounts psychology ultimately aims to benefit society. The majority of psychologists are involved in some kind of therapeutic role, practicing in clinical, counseling, or school settings. Many do scientific research on a wide range of topics related to mental processes and behavior, and typically work in university psychology departments or teach in other academic settings. Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.

What is a Psychologist?

A psychologist studies normal and abnormal mental states from cognitive, emotional and social processes, and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their environments. To become a psychologist, a person often completes a graduate university degree in psychology, but in most jurisdictions, members of other behavioral professions (such as counsellors and psychiatrists) can also evaluate, diagnose, treat, and study mental processes. A psychologist is a mental health professional. They know how to help people deal with their feelings and attitudes and develop healthier and more effective patterns of behaviour. Psychologists are trained in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health issues and behavioral disorders.

Why would I see a Psychologist?

The role of a psychologist is to help a person find solutions to the challenges they may be facing. Listed below are some of the reasons why people see a psychologist. If you or someone you care about is experiencing difficulty with issues like any below, consider consulting a psychologist:

  • difficulty in your interpersonal relationships
  • coping with a major life change
  • victim of abuse or violence
  • involved in a traumatic incident, such as a life threatening accident
  • addiction or struggle with other compulsive behaviors
  • chronically feel anxious or depressed, or have occasions of suicidal thoughts
  • potentially have a learning disability and need a formal assessment
  • are faced with a career change and need vocational advice and assessment

This is by no means an exhaustive list of the reasons why a person might consult a psychologist. By working collaboratively with you and focusing on specific goals; it is our hope that together we can come up with solutions to your current difficulties.

We look forward to working with you call 587-499-6689.